What You should know about Chlamydia

WHAT IS CHLAMYDIA?

Chlamydia is a bacteria that causes a sexually transmitted infection (STI) in both men and women and can cause infertility, if left untreated.

HOW DO YOU CATCH CHLAMYDIA?

Chlamydia is passed on during vaginal, anal and oral sex. You cannot catch it from a toilet seat, swimming pools, spas or normal social contact with people because the bacteria that causes it cannot live outside the body. You can reduce the chance of catching and passing on Chlamydia and other STIs by using condoms.

HOW DO YOU FIND OUT IF YOU HAVE CHLAMYDIA?

Chlamydia is often symptomless, so you can pass it on without knowing you have it. It is not detected during routine health checks such as Pap smears. For both women and men this is a simple test (urine for men, swab or urine for women) and only takes a few minutes.

HOW IS CHLAMYDIA TREATED?

Chlamydial infection is treated with antibiotics taken by mouth (usually a single dose). Your sexual partner(s) should be checked and treated as well. It is important to avoid sexual intercourse and oral sex during treatment and for 7 days after the end of treatment. It’s a good idea to be retested in three months to make sure the infection has been cured and that you have not been reinfected.

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